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Slum Development / Housing

Tamil Nadu preparing plan to build 8.03 lakh affordable homes for urban poor

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The New Indian Express       19.05.2017   

Tamil Nadu preparing plan to build 8.03 lakh affordable homes for urban poor

By C Shivakumar  |  Express News Service  |   Published: 19th May 2017 04:09 AM  |  

Last Updated: 19th May 2017 04:09 AM  |   A+A-   |  

CHENNAI: The total requirement for urban housing for slum and non-slum households under ‘Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana-Housing For All’ scheme in the State is 8.03 lakh, according to a demand survey done by Tamil Nadu Slum Clearance Board.

The State, which signed an MoU with the Union government, had to conduct a survey for assessing the actual housing requirement. It is a basic necessity following which the State has to come out with a Housing for All plan of action.

According to census figures, the State has a total of 16.24 lakh urban slum households of which 7.53 lakh live in the 12 corporations. The State currently requires an additional 12.94 lakh homes to be provided to the urban poor, 6.72 lakh of which are required in the 12 corporations.

As per the Housing For All mission, the houses constructed should either be in the name of the female head of the household or as joint ownership. The annual income limit for beneficiaries under the economic weaker section is about Rs 3 lakh per year. For beneficiaries under the low-income group, the number is between Rs 3-6 lakh per year.

Sources said that the focus is now on constructing affordable houses for the slums and non-slum households. It is learnt that the guidelines for building affordable houses have been prepared. The affordable homes have been distinguished under three categories with areas up to 40, 60 and 75 square metres.

Similarly, the Slum Clearance Board is looking at innovative methods to construct housing for poor as mandated by the scheme. “Among the available new technologies in the construction sector for building tenements, the Slum Clearance Board is looking at prefabrication, monolithic construction and Glass Fiber Reinforced Gypsum,” sources said.

In fact, prefabrication is being used in three ongoing projects in Moorthingar Street in North Chennai, Sholinganallur in South Chennai and Erode.

The Slum Clearance Board is also encouraging tenders where any approved technology is acceptable for implementation. Institutions like IIT Madras, National Institute of Technology Trichy and Anna University are engaged in evolving new technologies, TNSCB sources said.

Meanwhile, the Slum Clearance Board has proposed to conduct a workshop on technology innovation along with the Building Materials and Technology Promotion Council (BMTPC) in mid-June for technocrats, engineers, builders and developers.

Four new variants

Prefabrication: Used for multi-storey projects. Columns, beams, lintels with sunshade are manufactured to the given dimension in factories or precast yards and brought to sites during implementation.

Monolithic construction: Modular formwork made out of aluminium plastic composites are used for walls, floors, slabs, stairs together with window openings, cast in one place.

Glass Fibre Reinforced Gypsum: Consists of building panel products made of calcined gypsum, plaster, reinforced with glass fibres for mass scale building construction.

Pre-engineered building: Entire structure is pre-sheared, pre-punched, pre-drilled, pre-welded and pre-formed in factories before being shipped to the site for erection.


Tamil Nadu CM Palaniswami seeks special package for rehab of slum dwellers in Chennai

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The New Indian Express         15.05.2017 

Tamil Nadu CM Palaniswami seeks special package for rehab of slum dwellers in Chennai

By Express News Service  |   Published: 15th May 2017 03:14 AM  |  

CHENNAI: The State government has requested the Centre to provide a special package, on a 50:50 cost-sharing basis, to rehabilitate slum-dwellers in Chennai.

The request figured in the memorandum Chief Minister Edappadi K Palaniswami presented to Union Minister for Urban Development, Housing and Poverty Alleviation Venkaiah Naidu on Sunday. The memorandum sought the support of the Central government for several urban development related issues.

“I request a special package under the Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana (Housing For All) mission to construct 1 lakh multi-storeyed flats over a period of four years at a total cost of Rs 10,000 crore,” the Chief Minister said.

Several other issues were highlighted in the memorandum, including securing financial assistance for a proposed 400 million litre per day (MLD) desalination plant, costing Rs 5312 crore, in Chennai. The Centre was requested to help secure project funding from the Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA).

The Ministry of Urban Development was  also urged to approve smart city proposals for six cities, viz, Tiruchy, Tirunelveli, Thoothukudi, Erode, Tiruppur and Dindigul.

The CM also appealed for the inclusion of Tamil Nadu co-operative federation as an implementing agency for the credit linked subsidy scheme under the Housing for All mission. Since the federation had vast reach among urban poor, its inclusion would help in effective implementation of the mission.


No slum notified in Chennai after 1985: Report

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The Hindu        12.09.2016

No slum notified in Chennai after 1985: Report

Urban chaos:Experts say instead of providing decent housing, slum dwellers are being relocated to faraway places. —File photo
Urban chaos:Experts say instead of providing decent housing, slum dwellers are being relocated to faraway places. —File photo

Despite hundreds of slums cropping up in the city, not a single slum has been officially recognised since 1985 by the Tamil Nadu Slum Clearance Board, said a report released by Information and Resource Centre for the Deprived Urban Communities (IRCDUC).

After the Tamil Nadu Slum Clearance Act of 1971 was passed, around 1,202 slums in Chennai were recognised, and 17 more were added to the list in 1985. Most of the slums were improved in situ, either by building tenements or by providing basic services, as mandated in the Act.

However, not a single new slum has been officially recognised in the city since then. Experts claim that instead of providing decent housing, slum dwellers are being relocated to Perumbakkam, Ezhil Nagar and faraway places, where they end up losing their livelihood.

“The officials are ghettoising them instead of providing them a place nearby,” said G. Selva, of the CPI (M). “Children drop out of schools, men and women lose their jobs. Many end up doing antisocial activities to eke out a living,” he said.

Based on an analysis of the information available in the Slum Free Plan of Action of various districts in Tamil Nadu, the report revealed that many still remain non-notified across the State. No slum is notified under the Rajiv Awas Yojana in the Salem district. Out of the 100 slums surveyed in Thoothukudi, 87 remain non-notified.

An all-India survey conducted in 2012 by the National Sample Survey Office, stated that there were 2,364 slums with 5,88,611 households in urban areas of the State, out of which notified slums were 1,156 comprising of 2,45,089 households, constituting 49 per cent of the total slums.

In reply, the government stated that declaration of slums would only encourage slums dwellers to encroach vacant lands and claim rights over them, besides demanding basic services. Meagre allocation of funds by the State government for meeting the needs of slum dwellers was also cited as a reason for non-notification of slum areas.

“The unresolved issue that needs to be answered is that who is now responsible for declaration of slums. Is it the Urban Local Body or the TNSCB? As per the RTI response we received, the TNSCB is no longer declaring slums,” said Vanessa Peter, policy researcher, IRCDUC.

Work in progress

Officials from the Board said they were currently in the process of notifying slums in the city. “We began the process last year and it is in progress,” said a senior official from TNSCB.

About 51 per cent of slum dwellers in the city, according to the report, belonged to Scheduled Castes and Tribes. Anbuselvam, Dalit scholar and activist, asks, “Why can’t the State not provide them a house near their place of livelihood and who is the beneficiary of the land, once they are evicted.” “Most of these people are underprivileged and marginalised; they must be helped, not thrown out,” he said.


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